- What is Saffron
- Saffron , the name is already unique and attractive. Saffron comes from a type of crocus flower.
- The dried stigmas (thread like floral parts) are used for making saffron spice
- With its deep orange hue bringing a vibrant color and flavor to any dish.
- It’s also the most expensive spice in the world.
- Where does Saffron comes from ?
It is believed that saffron was flourished and nurtured in Iran fundamentally.
In the present climate , this spice is effectively growing in Iran , Morocco and India.
- What it tastes likes ?
Saffron is extremely simple and flavorful. The slightly sweet, luxurious taste is enigmatic.
It’s difficult to describe, but easily recognized in a dish. You know it when you taste it.
- Parts of Saffron
Figure 1 – Different parts of saffron crocus plant
- How the process takes place?
Figure 2 – Process of saffron
- Saffron is collected from the blossoms of Crocus sativus (Iridaceae), commonly known as saffron crocus or saffron bulbs
- Saffron flowers come out in autumn and are harvested for the red stigmas that we all know as saffron threads, from which the spice is derived.
- Each blossom yields three stigmas and are carefully picked by hand.
Figure 3 – Saffron plant
- At what stage should the flowers be picked?
- Generally recommended to pick flowers in when the flower is fully elongated and just as they are beginning to open up.
- If you pick them when the flowers are still closed and short, the stigmas may not have time to fully develop, and will not be as long.
- Considering that each stigma weighs a fraction of an ounce, length matters.
- If you wait until the flower has wilted, it is harder to pick them, or the stigmas shrivel up or get dirty.
- When should pick the flowers?
- Recommended to pick flowers in the morning.
- In Iran they prefer to pick them before the sun comes up.
- This may be partly because the laborers want to be out of the field when it gets too hot.
- It also may be because exposure to the sun degrades the quality of the flower.
- Early in the flowering season, only a few flowers may be ready to harvest.
- It is possible to pick every other day without reducing quality.
- Generally, it is best not to delay flower picking more than 2-3 days.
- When should process the flowers?
- Separation of the stigmas from the petals and stamens should be done as soon after picking as possible.
- When the flowers begin to get limp or wilt, it is harder to pick out the stigmas from the other parts.
- If aren’t able to process the flowers immediately after harvesting, should spread the flowers out on a paper towel on a tray, and store them in the refrigerator.
Figure 4 :Acetreme Premium Saffron’s Packaging